© Бюро переводов “Все языки мира”, г. Подольск  2001-2017г.г.
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Podolsk
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The   history   of   Podolsk   began   a   long   time   ago;   it   is   rooted   in   the   distant   past:   scientists   know   that   once   in   this   blessed   Ugrian,   whose   main   occupations   were   farming   and   crafts,   in   particular,   they   were   engaged   in   manufacturing   of   utensils   Here   the   traces   of   the   Slavs   were   found.   Podolsk   was   first   mentioned   in   documents   in   the   XVII   century.   Initially,   the   history   the   history   of   the   village   of   Podol,   the   estate   of   the   Danilov   monastery   in   Moscow.   The   main   occupation   of   the   locals   via   the   Pakhra   different   vehicles:   carriages,   sleighs,   etc.. The   name   of   the   village   and   later   the   city   was   given   according   the   valley   (Dale)   of   the   Pakhra   river.   In   the   XVII   century   in   the   village   opened   a   post   mill   under   the   name   Tula   Pakhra.   half   of   the   century   the   Crimean   tract   was   built,   from   that   moment   began   the   brightest   period   in   the   history   of   Podolsk,   town   status   in   1781.   At   this   time,   the   local   population   was   mainly   engaged   in   mining   of   white   stone   and   rubble.   In   the   built   the   Church,   in   particular,   the   stunning   Church   of   the   Holy   Virgin   in   the   village   of   Dubrovytsia.   During   the   war   of   briefly   occupied   Podolsk,   in   memory   of   this   sad   event,   the   Trinity   Cathedral   was   built   in   the   city.   Social   life   in   Podolsk   the   advent   of   the   city   Park,   the   development   of   Podolsk   was   facilitated   by   the   construction   of   the   Warsaw   highway,   Moscow-Kursk   railway.   From   the   end   of   the   XIX   century,   the   history   of   Podolsk   is   associated   with   the   rapid   rise   of   the   30-ies   of   the   XX   century   in   the   city,   infantry   and   artillery   schools   were   opened.   In   the   50-ies   of   the   XX   century   in   the   many modern buildings. In 1971, Podolsk was awarded to the order of Red Banner of Labor.
The History Of Podolsk
Anthem of PODOLSK Words by A. Antonovsky. Music K. Moiseev Hail, our beautiful city! Hail, our native Podolsk! You shine with glory inverse Near Mother Moscow! CHORUS Live, Podolsk! Dare, Podolsk! Take care of their shrines, You are the eternal guardian, you are our city You are a true son of Russia! Are you in the hour of hard times On the way the enemies stood And not just in the heat of battle Castle defended feast CHORUS Your miracle worker-master The space ships sent And a simple Russian family The sewing machine made. CHORUS You stand at the zenith of fame Above the river over Pakhra And in the greatness of power Contribute your weighty. CHORUS
is   located   in   36   km   from   Moscow   on   the   river   Pakhra.   Podolsk   is   a   fast-growing   modern   city,   which   is   included   in   five   cities Moscow   region   with   highest   level   of   economic   development.   Simultaneously,   Podolsk   is   the   largest   city   in   localities   near   Moscow; there are more than 200 thousand people. Podolsk,   there   are   numerous   industrial   enterprises:   machine-building,   meat-processing   plants   and   produces   cable   products, boiler equipment, etc. has   something   to   show   to   tourists:   for   example,   travelers   can   go   sightseeing   at   the   local   history   Museum   in   Podolsk,   which exhibits are housed in the estate Ivanovskoye. In addition, the city has some beautiful Orthodox churches and a small theatre.
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Estate Dubrovytsia

To   the   West   and   South-West   from   Znamensky   temple   there   is   an   estate.   Here   in   the   foreground   there   is   a   large   stone   manor   house,   on   three   floors,   gazebo,   balconies,   terraces   along   the   North   and   South   walls   and   covered   galleries   overlooking   the   East   and   West.   The   front   facade   of   the   building   the   South.   In   the   corners   of   the   Palace   square,   limited   in   the   past   elegant   wrought   iron   grille,   there   are   two   one-storey   wings.   Two   similar   buildings   located   to   the   North   of   the   manor   house   (Northeast   wing   has   survived   and   is   now   recovering).   These   four   wings   were   intended   for   the   Manager,   priests and clergymen.   The   first   written   mention   of   the   ancient   village   of   Dubrovytsia   refers   to   1627. At   the   time,   the   estate   belonged   to   the   boyar   I.V.Morozov.   Later   the   transferred   into   the   hands   of   representatives   of   noble   families   such   as   the   Galitzyns,   Dmitrievs-Mamonovs,   Potemkines. The   representatives   of   the   dynasty and foreign ambassadors visited the village of Dubrovytsia more than once.   The   manor   Palace,   most   likely,   was   built   in   the   first   half   of   the   XVIII   century   in   Baroque   style.   In   the   next   century   the   house   was   rebuilt   in   the   classicism. The   estate   has   also   changed   significantly   in   the   XX   century:   the   additional   stories   were   made   on   the   second   floor,   and   then   on   the   third   demolished).   The   Suite   of   large   rooms   were   partitioned   off.   Premises   of   the   North   and   South   sides   of   the   building   were   divided   by   a   narrow   corridor   from the West to the East. The layout and architecture of the building were significantly affected.   Today   only   the   interior   of   Armorial   hall   in   the   house   amazes   with   luxury   of   artistic   decoration.   All   its   walls   are   decorated   with   depicting a series of arcades, made with a wonderful perspective. In the foreground two coat of arms were painted. Once   the   luxury   staircase   with   divergent   on   the   two   sides   of   the   marches   led   in   this   room.   Before   also   the   stairs   fascinated   painting:   on   the   wall,   there   was   the   panel   of   the   entrance   of   the   Empress   Catherine   II   in   Dubrovytsia.   This   delightful   painting   is   completely lost,   and   we   can   judge   it   only   by   surviving   photographs.   The   decor   of   the   Palace   was   magnificent.   In   1889,   Prince   S.   M.   Golitsyn   enriched   its   luxury   wooden   Italian   furniture   of   the   XVII   century   taken   from   the   old   family   Palace   in   Rome.   All   the   furniture   of   the   have   completely   disappeared   from   Dubrovitsa   in   the   XX   century.   Today   All-Union   research   and   development   establishment   of   breeding of the RAAS, Podolsky district civil registry office and the Council of veterans of Podol district are located in the manor Palace.     To   the   West   of   the   house   rises   the   century-old   Linden   Park,   through   the   Central   Avenue   of   which   in   the   XIX   century   the   bridge   was   over,   now   only   the   land   banks   for   piers   almost   razed   to   the   ground   remind   it   now.   According   to   the   legend,   there   are   lime   trees   planted   Peter   I...   Behind   the   Park   three   estates   has   been   preserved,   two   of   them   at   present   are   dwelling   houses,   and   the   third   one   is   used   “Dubrovytsia”.   Near   the   house   there   was   a   wooden   Dollhouse.   This   little   fairy   mansion   was   made   for   the   games   of   the   youngest   daughter   of   the   of   the   estate   –   Prince   S.   M.   Golitsyn.   In   1983-1984   the   dollhouse   burned.   Near   the   Palace   there   was   a   lovely   flower   garden,   laid   1889, where rare ornamental flowers grew.   A   fountain   consisting   of   two   cast-iron   bowls   was   built   in   the   center   of   this   flower   garden   in   1890,   today   instead   of   it   you   can   see   a   fountain.   Further,   outside   the   main   gate,   which   has   not   survived,   and   guard   houses,   there   is   the   stable   yard.   The   feature   of   this   building   the   Gothic   gates   leading   to   the   river   Pakhra.   Today   indoors   of   the   stable   yard   there   are   a   large   number   of   industrial   enterprises,   considerable damage to the building.
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